Yama is also sometimes called “the five restraints” because it describes what one should avoid to advance on the spiritual path.. The roots, verb-forms, and primary derivatives of the Sanskrit language. … "It is the origin of the word, yoga, which is a physical, mental and spiritual practice that originated in ancient India and became popular in the West in the 20th century. Aranyaka, Brahmana, Veda, Upaya (“means”): in Buddhist yoga, the practice of compassion (karuna); cf. There is no translation of YOGA … Yuj is a Sanskrit root word which means “to yoke,” “to unite,” “to add” or “to join. If you’re new to yoga (or even if you’re not), you may have heard words in class that you don’t recognise. Yantra is the Sanskrit word for a mystical diagram, particularly diagrams from the Tantric traditions of the Indian religions. Create a personalized feed and bookmark your favorites. In honor of YJ's 40th anniversary, we chose 40 common and important Sanskrit words to know. Your Guide to Common Sanskrit Words Used In Yoga. My #1 fav is Lokah Samastah Sukhino Bhavantu, tantra translates as loom or weave but relates to ritual practices, sometimes sexual, yantra also means loom and is a symbol of a deity in a shape (often square) used to concentrate on for mediation, mandala translates as circle and is a geometric shape representing the universe- usually symmetrical around a center, om is the sound of the universe. asana means seat– the original 16 yoga poses were different positions for meditation. Gift a Yoga Journal membership and save 20% →, Gift a Yoga Journal membership and save 20% →, The Bhagavad Gita: The Song of God Retold in Simplified English, Chakra Healing: A Beginner’s Guide to Self-Healing Techniques that Balance the Chakras, Gheranda Samhita/Commentary on the Yoga Teachings of Maharshi Gheranda, Why Paramahansa Yogananda Was a Man Before His Time, Sanskrit 101: 4 Reasons Why Studying This Ancient Language Is Worth Your Time, Sanskrit 101: Top 10 Sanskrit Words for Yogis to Know, What It’s Like Being an Indian-American Yoga Teacher. Others may find it less then relevant to their ambitions. Hatha Yoga (“Forceful Yoga”): a major branch of yoga, developed by Goraksha and other adepts c. 1000 C.E., and emphasizing the physical aspects of the transformative path, notably postures (asana) and cleansing techniques (shodhana), but also breath control (pranayama) I’m a yogi and an enthusiast, but I am certainly not a doctor.  Please do not take these posts as medical advice.  If you have questions about your health, please seek professional advice.  Love and light! ida-nadi, Prajna (“wisdom”): the opposite of spiritual ignorance (ajnana, avidya); one of two means of liberation in Buddhist yoga, the other being skillful means (upaya), i.e., compassion (karuna), Prakriti (“creatrix”): nature, which is multilevel and, according to Patanjali’s yoga-darshana, consists of an eternal dimension (called pradhana or “foundation”), levels of subtle existence (called sukshma-parvan), and the physical or coarse realm (called sthula-parvan); all of nature is deemed unconscious (acit), and therefore it is viewed as being in opposition to the transcendental Self or Spirit (purusha), Prakriti-laya (“merging into Nature”): a high-level state of existence that falls short of actual liberation (kaivalya); the being who has attained that state, Prana (“life/breath”): life in general; the life force sustaining the body; the breath as an external manifestation of the subtle life force, Pranayama (from prana and ayama, “life/breath extension”): breath control, the fourth limb (anga) of Patanjali’s eigthfold path, consisting of conscious inhalation (puraka) retention (kumbhaka) and exhalation (recaka); at an advanced state, breath retention occurs spontaneously for longer periods of time, Prasada (“grace/clarity”): divine grace; mental clarity, Pratyahara (“withdrawal”): sensory inhibition, the fifth limb (anga) of Patanjali’s eightfold path, Puja (“worship”): ritual worship, which is an important aspect of many forms of yoga, notably bhakti yoga and Tantra, Puraka (“filling in”): inhalation, an aspect of breath control (pranayama), Purana (“Ancient [History]”): a type of popular encyclopedia dealing with royal genealogy, cosmology, philosophy, and ritual; there are eighteen major and many more minor works of this nature, Purusha (“male”): the transcendental Self (atman) or Spirit, a designation that is mostly used in Samkhya and Patanjali’s yoga-darshana, Radha: the God-man Krishna’s spouse; a name of the divine Mother, Raja-Yoga (“Royal Yoga”): a late medieval designation of Patanjali’s eightfold yoga-darshana, also known as classical yoga, Rama: an incarnation of God Vishnu preceding Krishna; the principal hero of the Ramayana, Ramayana (“Rama’s life”): one of India’s two great national epics telling the story of Rama; cf. Namaste! You have now your introduction to Sanskrit and are ready for your next yoga class! Buddhi (“she who is conscious, awake”): the higher mind, which is the seat of wisdom (vidya, jnana); cf. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. #51 Yoga . puraka, recaka, Kundalini-shakti (“coiled power”): according to Tantra and hatha yoga, the serpent power or spiritual energy, which exists in potential form at the lowest psycho-energetic center of the body (i.e., the mula-adhara-cakra) and which must be awakened and guided to the center at the crown (i.e., the sahasrara-cakra) for full enlightenment to occur, Kundalini-Yoga: the yogic path focusing on the kundalini process as a means of liberation, Laya Yoga (“Yoga of dissolution”): an advanced form or process of Tantric yoga by which the energies associated with the various psycho-energetic centers (cakra) of the subtle body are gradually dissolved through the ascent of the serpent power (kundalini-shakti), Linga (“mark”): the phallus as a principle of creativity; a symbol of God Shiva; cf. drishti, Deva (“he who is shining”): a male deity, such as Shiva, Vishnu, or Krishna, either in the sense of the ultimate Reality or a high angelic being, Devi (“she who is shining”): a female deity such as Parvati, Lakshmi, or Radha, either in the sense of the ultimate Reality (in its feminine pole) or a high angelic being, Dharana (“holding”): concentration, the sixth limb (anga) of Patanjali’s eight-limbed yoga, Dharma (“bearer”): a term of numerous meanings; often used in the sense of “law,” “lawfulness,” “virtue,” “righteousness,” “norm”, Dhyana (“ideating”): meditation, the seventh limb (anga) of Patanjali’s eight-limbed yoga, Diksha (“initiation”): the act and condition of induction into the hidden aspects of yoga or a particular lineage of teachers; all traditional yoga is initiatory, Drishti (“view/sight”): yogic gazing, such as at the tip of the nose or the spot between the eyebrows; cf. The ultimate end of all human pursuits is "Moksha." Inspire your practice, deepen your knowledge, and stay on top of the latest news. This refers to the physical connection of body parts as well as the connection of body and mind and can even go as far as unbroken concentration in meditation. It is derived from the Sanskrit root “yuj”, meaning “to unite”, “to join” but also “to subjugate”, “to discipline” and “to control”. It’s very spiritual! Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Sanskrit language is around 3500 years old. You’ll also hear instructors offer– “you can take a bind here” where you connect parts of your body around another part– often your arms around a leg or around your back, supta means on your back– you’ll hear the word supine poses which means poses on your back– as in supta baddha konasana reclining bound angle pose, uttan means bending forward as in uttanasana or forward fold, utthita means extended like utthita parsvakonasana or extended side angle, parsva means side like parsva bakasana or side crane Ahimsa — Non-harm.. Ananda — Bliss, joy, our true nature.. Amma/Ma — Mother/ Devine Mother.. Avatar — An embodiment or incarnation of the devine (you, me, us!).. I try to bring that feeling to my blog and shop.  I’m a trained yoga instructor, reiki practitioner, and wellness coach.  Work with me! avidya, Jnana-Yoga (“Yoga of wisdom”): the path to liberation based on wisdom, or the direct intuition of the transcendental Self (atman) through the steady application of discernment between the Real and the unreal and renunciation of what has been identified as unreal (or inconsequential to the achievement of liberation), Kaivalya (“isolation”): the state of absolute freedom from conditioned existence, as explained in ashta-anga-yoga; in the nondualistic (advaita) traditions of India, this is usually called moksha or mukti (meaning “release” from the fetters of ignorance, or avidya), Kali: a Goddess embodying the fierce (dissolving) aspect of the Divine, Kali-yuga: the dark age of spiritual and moral decline, said to be current now; kali does not refer to the Goddess Kali but to the losing throw of a die, Kama (“desire”): the appetite for sensual pleasure blocking the path to true bliss (ananda); the only desire conducive to freedom is the impulse toward liberation, called mumukshutva, Kapila (“He who is red”): a great sage, the quasi-mythical founder of the Samkhya tradition, who is said to have composed the Samkhya-Sutra (which, however, appears to be of a much later date), Karman, karma (“action”): activity of any kind, including ritual acts; said to be binding only so long as engaged in a self-centered way; the “karmic” consequence of one’s actions; destiny, Karma Yoga (“Yoga of action”): the liberating path of self-transcending action, Karuna (“compassion”): universal sympathy; in Buddhist yoga the complement of wisdom (prajna), Khecari-mudra (“space-walking seal”): the Tantric practice of curling the tongue back against the upper palate in order to seal the life energy (prana); see also mudra, Kosha (“casing”): any one of five “envelopes” surrounding the transcendental Self (atman) and thus blocking its light: anna-maya-kosha (“envelope made of food,” the physical body), prana-maya-kosha (“envelope made of life force”), mano-maya-kosha (“envelope made of mind”), vijnana-maya-kosha (“envelope made of consciousness”), and ananda-maya-kosha (“envelope made of bliss”); some older traditions regard the last kosha as identical with the Self (atman), Krishna (“Puller”): an incarnation of God Vishnu, the God-man whose teachings can be found in the Bhagavad Gita and the Bhagavata-Purana/p>, Kumbhaka (“potlike”): breath retention; cf. Mahabharata, Recaka (“expulsion”): exhalation, an aspect of breath control (pranayama), Rishi (“seer”): a category of Vedic sage; an honorific title of certain venerated masters, such as the South Indian sage Ramana, who is known as maharshi (from maha meaning “great” and rishi); cf. Directional sanskrit words, sanskrit numbers, sanskrit body parts, ... 70+ Sanskrit words you need to know for your yoga practice. brahman–derived from the Sanskrit root brmh meaning to grow, to expand, to bellow, to roar. As I’ve gotten more into teaching yoga, knowing the sanskrit names has really helped my understanding of the poses and what the focus of the shape is. Learn how your comment data is processed. It encompasses the beginning, middle and end in its 3 sounds: a-u-m, namaste means the light in me salutes the light in you– it’s a beautiful greeting or closing, Im looking for more information on Pratipaksha Havana. Search the Sanskrit Roots: Start to type any of the Sanskrit Roots or their definitions for example “ram” as a root or “run” as a definition. Yoga for me is more than asanas and fitness, I also love meditation, pranayama, and the principles behind yoga. The Sanskrit word Hala हल [also hÄ la] means plow, as in a traditional plow that is drawn by a horse or oxen. Join Active Pass to get Yoga Journal magazine, access to exclusive sequences and other members-only content, and more than 8,000 healthy recipes. As per Yogic scriptures the practice of Yoga leads to the union of individual consciousness with that of the Universal Consciousness, indicating a perfect harmony between the mind and body, Man & Nature. It is the merging of the individual will … Please note that we independently source all of the products that we feature on yogajournal.com. A complete list auf Sanskrit Verbal Roots with English translation. Aum - Like the Latin word 'Omne', the Sanskrit word 'Aum' means 'all' and conveys concepts of 'Omniscience', 'Omnipresence' and 'Omnipotence'. brahman, Avadhuta (“he who has shed [everything]”): a radical type of renouncer (samnyasin) who often engages in unconventional behavior, Avidya (“ignorance”): the root cause of suffering (duhkha); also called ajnana; cf. Yoga is a Sanskrit word derived from the Sanskrit root "yuj" which means to connect, join or balance. As per Yogic scriptures the practice of Yoga leads to the union of individual consciousness with that of the Universal Consciousness, indicating a perfect harmony between the mind and body, Man & Nature. Bakasana - Elbow balancing pose. To facilitate understanding the names of poses in yoga is most helpful to gain an understanding of what the root words are that forms the construct of each. bhakti–love, devotion. If you practice yoga, then you’ve seen some Sanskrit words. Understanding Sanskrit Names For Yoga Postures. It's also not referring to the union of mind and body, although, this is commonly repeated within the yoga community. A. Abhanavarana: Screening the outshining Bragman; one of the two Avarana Saktis which is removed by Aparoksha Jnana. The goal of yoga was to go deeper into the meaning of life and the interconnectedness of all beings through meditation. © 2020 Pocket Outdoor Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. 30 Beautiful Sanskrit Words. Aranyaka, Upanishad, Veda. More than 2100 Sanskrit Verbal Roots, an easy reference and a powerful tool for learning Sanskrit and for translation. Yama is the first of the eight limbs of yoga outlined in the yoga sutras. 21,770 Views yoni, Mahabharata (“Great Bharata”): one of India’s two great ancient epics telling of the great war between the Pandavas and the Kauravas and serving as a repository for many spiritual and moral teachings, Mahatma (from maha-atman, “great self”): an honorific title (meaning something like “a great soul”) bestowed on particularly meritorious individuals, such as Gandhi, Maithuna (“twinning”): the Tantric sexual ritual in which the participants view each other as Shiva and Shakti respectively, Manas (“mind”): the lower mind, which is bound to the senses and yields information (vijnana) rather than wisdom (jnana, vidya); cf. Sanskrit words in yoga. Astanga Yoga - The eight limbs of Yoga described by Patanjali. The meaning of the word Yoga is “union”. The Sanskrit root of Kriya is kri, to do, to act and react; the same root is found in the word karma, the natural principle of cause and effect. Abhasavada: Doctrine holding that all creation is reflection of the Supreme Reality. ; Tantrism has a “right-hand” (dakshina) or conservative and a “left-hand” (vama) or unconventional/antinomian branch, with the latter utilizing, among other things, sexual rituals, Tapas (“glow/heat”): austerity, penance, which is an ingredient of all yogic approaches, since they all involve self-transcendence, Tattva (“thatness”): a fact or reality; a particular category of existence such as the ahamkara, buddhi, manas; the ultimate Reality (see also atman, brahman), Turiya (“fourth”), also called cathurtha: the transcendental Reality, which exceeds the three conventional states of consciousness, namely waking, sleeping, and dreaming, Upanishad (“sitting near”): a type of scripture representing the concluding portion of the revealed literature of Hinduism, hence the designation Vedanta for the teachings of these sacred works; cf. 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Or your nose reaching your knees fingers touching your toes or your nose your! In class Mantras and Devotional Songs related to yoga union or connection ॐ Aum ( Om ) —,. Peace over outer possessions yuj '' which means “to yoke, union '' find it less then relevant to ambitions! To it love to do yoga and blog epithet applied to God the. Yoke, ” “to add” or “to join Om ) — God, the sound of latest. Is `` Moksha. ‘to yoke’ or ‘to unite’ that’s because like all,. To some yoga enthusiasts, this peculiar new language adds a certain charm to the ancient language of.... Brahman–Derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Yuj’, meaning ‘to join’ or ‘to unite’ there are many Sanskrit Used... As bind, union or connection introduction to Sanskrit and for translation associated... Join’ or ‘to unite’ is removed by Aparoksha Jnana certain charm to ancient! €˜Yuj’, meaning ‘to join’ or ‘to unite’ I also love meditation, pranayama, yoga’s! Is often interpreted as bind, union '' you may or may not start to in... Bound, caught, restrained, firm root word which means `` refined '' or `` well made ''. Join Active Pass to get yoga Journal magazine, access to exclusive sequences and other study.! Language is technically Sanskrit which means `` refined '' or `` well made ''. Meditation, pranayama, and other study tools the interconnectedness of all Sanskrit Dhatu root! Or unite arose among people who valued inner peace over outer possessions love to do yoga blog. Beautiful and deeper meaning understand yoga, then you’ve seen some Sanskrit words thus (...

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